Sodium bicarbonate or sodium
hydrogen carbonate is the chemical compound with the formula Na HCO3. Sodium
bicarbonate is a white solid that is crystalline but often appears as a fine
powder. It has a slightly salty, alkaline taste resembling that of washing
soda (sodium carbonate). The natural mineral form is nacolite. It is a
component of the mineral natron and is found dissolved in many mineral
springs. It is found in dissolved form in bile, where it serves to
neutralize the acidity of the hydrochloric acid produced by the stomach, and
is excreted into the duodenum of the small intestine via the bile duct. It
is also produced artificially.
Animal Feed Grade Sodium Bicarbonate is used in dairy cattle as a rumen
buffer to increase feed intake and improve productivity. Other applications
include beef cattle, poultry and swine. Sodium Bicarbonate can also be used
in citrus packaging operations to significantly improve product shelf life.
A specialized Coarse Granular BICAR Sodium Bicarbonate is used in soda
blasting to clean surfaces. Industries such as leather tanning, plastic, and
swimming pool applications use sodium bicarbonate to provide pH adjustment.
Industrial applications utilize sodium bicarbonate as a reactive carbonate
or sodium source and as a pH buffer. It is used in industries such as oil
well drilling, textile processing, and pulp & paper.